1Met Office, FitzRoy Road, Exeter, EX1 3PB, UK
2Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Campus, Didcot, OX11 0QX, UK
3RPG Radiometer Physics GmbH, Werner-von-Siemens-Str. 4, 53340 Meckenheim, Germany
Received: 21 Sep 2016 – Discussion started: 27 Sep 2016
Abstract. The International Submillimetre Airborne Radiometer (ISMAR) has been developed as an airborne demonstrator for the Ice Cloud Imager (ICI) that will be launched on board the next generation of European polar-orbiting weather satellites in the 2020s. It currently has 15 channels at frequencies between 118 and 664 GHz which are sensitive to scattering by cloud ice, and additional channels at 874 GHz are being developed. This paper presents an overview of ISMAR and describes the algorithms used for calibration. The main sources of bias in the measurements are evaluated, as well as the radiometric sensitivity in different measurement scenarios. It is shown that for downward views from high altitude, representative of a satellite viewing geometry, the bias in most channels is less than ±1 K and the NEΔT is less than 2 K, with many channels having an NEΔT less than 1 K. In-flight calibration accuracy is also evaluated by comparison of high-altitude zenith views with radiative-transfer simulations.
Revised: 09 Jan 2017 – Accepted: 09 Jan 2017 – Published: 08 Feb 2017
Fox, S., Lee, C., Moyna, B., Philipp, M., Rule, I., Rogers, S., King, R., Oldfield, M., Rea, S., Henry, M., Wang, H., and Harlow, R. C.: ISMAR: an airborne submillimetre radiometer, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 477-490, doi:10.5194/amt-10-477-2017, 2017.