Journal cover Journal topic
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 3.089 IF 3.089
  • IF 5-year<br/> value: 3.700 IF 5-year
  • CiteScore<br/> value: 3.59 CiteScore
  • SNIP value: 1.273 SNIP 1.273
  • SJR value: 2.026 SJR 2.026
  • IPP value: 3.082 IPP 3.082
  • h5-index value: 45 h5-index 45
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 1987-1997, 2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
01 Jun 2017
Monitoring aerosol–cloud interactions at the CESAR Observatory in the Netherlands
Karolina Sarna and Herman W. J. Russchenberg TU Delft Climate Institute, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Stevinweg 1, 2628 CN, Delft, the Netherlands
Abstract. The representation of aerosol–cloud interaction (ACI) processes in climate models, although long studied, still remains the source of high uncertainty. Very often there is a mismatch between the scale of observations used for ACI quantification and the ACI process itself. This can be mitigated by using the observations from ground-based remote sensing instruments. In this paper we presented a direct application of the aerosol–cloud interaction monitoring technique (ACI monitoring). ACI monitoring is based on the standardised Cloudnet data stream, which provides measurements from ground-based remote sensing instruments working in synergy. For the data set collected at the CESAR Observatory in the Netherlands we calculate ACI metrics. We specifically use attenuated backscatter coefficient (ATB) for the characterisation of the aerosol properties and cloud droplet effective radius (re) and number concentration (Nd) for the characterisation of the cloud properties. We calculate two metrics: ACIr  =  ln(re)/ln(ATB) and ACIN  =  ln(Nd)/ln(ATB). The calculated values of ACIr range from 0.001 to 0.085, which correspond to the values reported in previous studies. We also evaluated the impact of the vertical Doppler velocity and liquid water path (LWP) on ACI metrics. The values of ACIr were highest for LWP values between 60 and 105 g m−2. For higher LWP other processes, such as collision and coalescence, seem to be dominant and obscure the ACI processes. We also saw that the values of ACIr are higher when only data points located in the updraught regime are considered. The method presented in this study allow for monitoring ACI daily and further aggregating daily data into bigger data sets.

Citation: Sarna, K. and Russchenberg, H. W. J.: Monitoring aerosol–cloud interactions at the CESAR Observatory in the Netherlands, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 1987-1997,, 2017.
Publications Copernicus