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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 177-194, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-177-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
11 Jan 2018
Synoptic ozone, cloud reflectivity, and erythemal irradiance from sunrise to sunset for the whole earth as viewed by the DSCOVR spacecraft from the earth–sun Lagrange 1 orbit
Jay Herman1, Liang Huang2, Richard McPeters3, Jerry Ziemke3, Alexander Cede4, and Karin Blank3 1University of Maryland Baltimore County, Maryland, USA
2Science Systems and Applications, Lanham, Maryland, USA
3NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA
4SciGlob Instruments and Services, Maryland, USA
Abstract. EPIC (Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera) on board the DSCOVR (Deep Space Climate Observatory) spacecraft is the first earth science instrument located near the earth–sun gravitational plus centrifugal force balance point, Lagrange 1. EPIC measures earth-reflected radiances in 10 wavelength channels ranging from 317.5 to 779.5 nm. Of these channels, four are in the UV range 317.5, 325, 340, and 388 nm, which are used to retrieve O3, 388 nm scene reflectivity (LER: Lambert equivalent reflectivity), SO2, and aerosol properties. These new synoptic quantities are retrieved for the entire sunlit globe from sunrise to sunset multiple times per day as the earth rotates in EPIC's field of view. Retrieved ozone amounts agree with ground-based measurements and satellite data to within 3 %. The ozone amounts and LER are combined to derive the erythemal irradiance for the earth's entire sunlit surface at a nadir resolution of 18 × 18 km2 using a computationally efficient approximation to a radiative transfer calculation of irradiance. The results show very high summertime values of the UV index (UVI) in the Andes and Himalayas (greater than 18), and high values of UVI near the Equator at equinox.

Citation: Herman, J., Huang, L., McPeters, R., Ziemke, J., Cede, A., and Blank, K.: Synoptic ozone, cloud reflectivity, and erythemal irradiance from sunrise to sunset for the whole earth as viewed by the DSCOVR spacecraft from the earth–sun Lagrange 1 orbit, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 177-194, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-177-2018, 2018.
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Short summary
We launched the DSCOVR spacecraft to an orbit located near the earth–sun gravitational plus centrifugal force balance point known as Lagrange 1. One of the earth-viewing instruments, EPIC, measures earth-reflected radiances in 10 wavelength channels ranging from 317.5 nm to 779.5 nm. We use the UV channels to retrieve O3 and scene reflectivity, and to derive the first measurement of erythemal flux (sunburn) from sunrise to sunset at the earth's surface.
We launched the DSCOVR spacecraft to an orbit located near the earth–sun gravitational plus...
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