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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 11, issue 4 | Copyright
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 2345-2360, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-2345-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 25 Apr 2018

Research article | 25 Apr 2018

Evaluation of SCIAMACHY Level-1 data versions using nadir ozone profile retrievals in the period 2003–2011

Sweta Shah, Olaf N. E. Tuinder, Jacob C. A. van Peet, Adrianus T. J. de Laat, and Piet Stammes Sweta Shah et al.
  • Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt, the Netherlands

Abstract. Ozone profile retrieval from nadir-viewing satellite instruments operating in the ultraviolet–visible range requires accurate calibration of Level-1 (L1) radiance data. Here we study the effects of calibration on the derived Level-2 (L2) ozone profiles for three versions of SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric ChartograpHY (SCIAMACHY) L1 data: version 7 (v7), version 7 with m-factors (v7mfac) and version 8 (v8). We retrieve nadir ozone profiles from the SCIAMACHY instrument that flew on board Envisat using the Ozone ProfilE Retrieval Algorithm (OPERA) developed at KNMI with a focus on stratospheric ozone. We study and assess the quality of these profiles and compare retrieved L2 products from L1 SCIAMACHY data versions from the years 2003 to 2011 without further radiometric correction. From validation of the profiles against ozone sonde measurements, we find that the v8 performs better than v7 and v7mfac due to correction for the scan-angle dependency of the instrument's optical degradation.

Validation for the years 2003 and 2009 with ozone sondes shows deviations of SCIAMACHY ozone profiles of 0.8–15% in the stratosphere (corresponding to pressure range ∼ 100–10hPa) and 2.5–100% in the troposphere (corresponding to pressure range ∼1000–100hPa), depending on the latitude and the L1 version used. Using L1 v8 for the years 2003–2011 leads to deviations of ∼ 1–11% in stratospheric ozone and ∼1–45% in tropospheric ozone.

The SCIAMACHY L1 v8 data can still be improved upon in the 265–330nm range used for ozone profile retrieval. The slit function can be improved with a spectral shift and squeeze, which leads to a few percent residue reduction compared to reference solar irradiance spectra. Furthermore, studies of the ratio of measured to simulated reflectance spectra show that a bias correction in the reflectance for wavelengths below 300nm appears to be necessary.

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The depletion of the Antarctic ozone layer and its changing vertical distribution have been monitored closely by satellites in the past decades ever since the Antarctic ozone hole was discovered in the 1980s. We study and assess the quality of the ozone profiles using SCIAMACHY ultraviolet data and compare them against the ozone sondes.
The depletion of the Antarctic ozone layer and its changing vertical distribution have been...
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