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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 11, issue 6 | Copyright
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 3559-3567, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-3559-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 20 Jun 2018

Research article | 20 Jun 2018

High spatio-temporal resolution pollutant measurements of on-board vehicle emissions using ultra-fast response gas analyzers

Martin Irwin1,a, Harry Bradley1, Matthew Duckhouse1, Matthew Hammond1, and Mark S. Peckham1 Martin Irwin et al.
  • 1Cambustion Ltd., Cambridge, CB1 8DH, UK
  • anow at: Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen PSI, Switzerland

Abstract. Existing ultra-fast response engine exhaust emissions analyzers have been adapted for on-board vehicle use combined with GPS data. We present, for the first time, how high spatio-temporal resolution data products allow transient features associated with internal combustion engines to be examined in detail during on-road driving. Such data are both useful to examine the circumstances leading to high emissions, and reveals the accurate position of urban air quality hot spots as deposited by the candidate vehicle, useful for source attribution and dispersion modelling. The fast response time of the analyzers, which results in 100Hz data, makes accurate time-alignment with the vehicle's engine control unit (ECU) signals possible. This enables correlation with transient air fuel ratio, engine speed, load, and other engine parameters, which helps to explain the causes of the emissions spikes that portable emissions measurement systems (PEMS) and conventional slow response analyzers would miss or smooth out due to mixing within their sampling systems. The data presented is from NO and NOx analyzers, but other fast analyzers (e.g. total hydrocarbons (THC), CO and CO2) can be used similarly. The high levels of NOx pollution associated with accelerating on entry ramps to motorways, driving over speed bumps, accelerating away from traffic lights, are explored in detail. The time-aligned ultra-fast analyzers offer unique insight allowing more accurate quantification and better interpretation of engine and driver activity and the associated emissions impact on local air quality.

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Ultra-fast response engine exhaust emissions analyzers have been adapted for on-board vehicle use combined with GPS data. We present, for the first time, how high spatio-temporal resolution data products allow transient features associated with internal combustion engines to be examined in detail during on-road driving, revealing the detailed causes behind emissions hot spots. In particular, NOx pollution was assessed in detail for a number of road network features (e.g. speed bumps).
Ultra-fast response engine exhaust emissions analyzers have been adapted for on-board vehicle...
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