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AMT | Articles | Volume 11, issue 11
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 6075–6090, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-6075-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 6075–6090, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-6075-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 09 Nov 2018

Research article | 09 Nov 2018

Dried, closed-path eddy covariance method for measuring carbon dioxide flux over sea ice

Brian J. Butterworth and Brent G. T. Else
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Revised manuscript accepted for ESSD
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Cited articles  
Andreas, E. L., Persson, P. O. G., Grachev, A. A., Jordan, R. E., Horst, T. W., Guest, P. S., and Fairall, C. W.: Parameterizing Turbulent Exchange over Sea Ice in Winter, J. Hydrometeorol., 11, 87–104, https://doi.org/10.1175/2009JHM1102.1, 2010. 
Bell, T. G., Landwehr, S., Miller, S. D., de Bruyn, W. J., Callaghan, A. H., Scanlon, B., Ward, B., Yang, M., and Saltzman, E. S.: Estimation of bubble-mediated air–sea gas exchange from concurrent DMS and CO2 transfer velocities at intermediate-high wind speeds, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 9019–9033, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-9019-2017, 2017. 
Blomquist, B. W., Huebert, B. J., Fairall, C. W., Bariteau, L., Edson, J. B., Hare, J. E., and McGillis, W. R.: Advances in Air-Sea CO2 Flux Measurement by Eddy Correlation, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 152, 245–276, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-014-9926-2, 2014. 
Broecker, W. S., Ledwell, J. R., Takahashi, T., Weiss, R. F., Merlivat, L., Memery, L., Jähne, B., and Otto Munnich, K.: Isotopic versus micrometeorologic ocean CO2 fluxes: A serious conflict, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 10517–10527, https://doi.org/10.1029/JC091iC09p10517, 1986. 
Burba, G., McDermitt, D. K., Grelle, A., Anderson, D. J., and Xu, L.: Addressing the influence of instrument surface heat exchange on the measurements of CO2 flux from open-path gas analyzers, Glob. Change Biol., 14, 1854–1876, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01606.x, 2008. 
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This study measured how quickly carbon dioxide was absorbed/released from sea ice to the air. We used a method that had never been tested over landlocked sea ice. To avoid water vapor ruining the carbon dioxide measurement, we dried the sample air before it went to the gas analyzer. This gave values that were more credible than those found by previous studies. We showed that this method will be useful for studying the processes which affect carbon dioxide exchange between sea ice and air.
This study measured how quickly carbon dioxide was absorbed/released from sea ice to the air. We...
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