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AMT | Articles | Volume 11, issue 11
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 6289–6307, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-6289-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 6289–6307, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-6289-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 21 Nov 2018

Research article | 21 Nov 2018

The impact of MISR-derived injection height initialization on wildfire and volcanic plume dispersion in the HYSPLIT model

Charles J. Vernon et al.
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Colarco, P. R., Schoeberl, M. R., Doddridge, B. G., Marufu, L. T., Torres, O., and Welton, E. J.: Transport of smoke from Canadian forest fires to the surface near Washington, D.C.: Injection height, entrainment, and optical properties, J. Geophys. Res., 109, 2156–2202, https://doi.org/10.1029/2003JD004248, 2004. 
Crawford, A. M., Stunder, B. J. B., Ngan, F., and Pavolonis, M. J.: Initializing HYSPLIT with satellite observations of volcanic ash: A case study of the 2008 Kasatochi eruption, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 121, 10786–10803, 2016. 
Diner, D. J., Beckert, J. C., Reilly, T. H., Bruegge, C. J., Conel, J. E., Kahn, R. A., Martonchik, J. V., Ackerman, T. P., Davies, R., Gerstl, S. A. W., Gordon, H. R., Muller, J. P., Myneni, R. B., Sellers, P. J., Pinty, B., and Verstraete, M. M.: Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument description and experiment overview, IEEE T. Geosci. Remote, 36, 1072–1087, https://doi.org/10.1109/36.700992, 1998. 
Flower, V. and Kahn, R.A.: Assessing the altitude and dispersion of volcanic plumes using MISR multi-angle imaging: Sixteen years of volcanic activity in the Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia, J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res., 337, 1–15, 2017. 
Forouzanfar, M. H. et al.: Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks in 188 countries, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013, Lancet, 386, 2287–232387, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00128-2, 2015. 
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The height that aerosols are injected into the atmosphere can significantly impact the dispersion of aerosol plumes. We use direct observations from the MISR instrument to determine aerosol injection height and constrain the HYSPLIT Dispersion model with these data. We have shown that the nominal plume-rise calculation within HYSPLIT tends to underestimate injection heights of wildfires and that simulations constrained with MISR injection height can show better agreement with MODIS observations.
The height that aerosols are injected into the atmosphere can significantly impact the...
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