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AMT | Articles | Volume 12, issue 3
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 1955-1977, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-12-1955-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 1955-1977, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-12-1955-2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 27 Mar 2019

Research article | 27 Mar 2019

Retrieval of water vapor using ground-based observations from a prototype ATOMMS active centimeter- and millimeter-wavelength occultation instrument

Dale M. Ward et al.
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Cited articles  
Allan, R. P. and Soden, B. J.: Atmospheric warming and the amplification of precipitation extremes, Science, 321, 1481–1484, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1160787, 2008. 
Bohren, C. F. and Huffman, D. R.: Absorption and scattering of light by small particles, New York: Wiley, 82–129, 1983. 
Bony, S., Stevens, B., Frierson, D. M. W., Jakob, C., Kageyama, M., and Pincus, R.: Clouds, circulation and climate sensitivity, Nat. Geosci., 8, 261–268, https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2398, 2015. 
Brogniez, H., English, S., Mahfouf, J.-F., Behrendt, A., Berg, W., Boukabara, S., Buehler, S. A., Chambon, P., Gambacorta, A., Geer, A., Ingram, W., Kursinski, E. R., Matricardi, M., Odintsova, T. A., Payne, V. H., Thorne, P. W., Tretyakov, M. Yu., and Wang, J.: A review of sources of systematic errors and uncertainties in observations and simulations at 183 GHz, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 2207–2221, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-9-2207-2016, 2016. 
Calbet, X., Peinado-Galan, N., DeSouza-Machado, S., Kursinski, E. R., Oria, P., Ward, D., Otarola, A., Rípodas, P., and Kivi, R.: Can turbulence within the field of view cause significant biases in radiative transfer modeling at the 183 GHz band?, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 6409–6417, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-6409-2018, 2018. 
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Satellite-to-satellite occultations near 22 and 183 GHz water absorption lines promise to profile the atmosphere with unprecedented performance needed for forecasting weather and climate. We describe measurements made with a prototype instrument between mountaintops during a thunderstorm that determined water vapor to better than 1 %, even when cloud and rain attenuated the signals. The precision and dynamic range far exceeded present instruments and are similar to theoretical expectations.
Satellite-to-satellite occultations near 22 and 183 GHz water absorption lines promise to...
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