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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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AMT | Articles | Volume 12, issue 1
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 313–326, 2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 313–326, 2019
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 17 Jan 2019

Research article | 17 Jan 2019

Automated compact mobile Raman lidar for water vapor measurement: instrument description and validation by comparison with radiosonde, GNSS, and high-resolution objective analysis

Tetsu Sakai et al.
Related authors  
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Lidar observation of the 2011 Puyehue-Cordón Caulle volcanic aerosols at Lauder, New Zealand
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Cited articles  
Behrendt, A., Wulfmeyer, V., Bauer, H., Schaberl, T., Di Girolamo, P., Summa, D., Kiemle, C., Ehret, G., Whiteman, D. N., Demoz, B. B., Browell, E. V., Ismail, S., Ferrare, R., Kooi, S., and Wang, J.: Intercomparison of Water Vapor Data Measured with Lidar during IHOP_2002. Part I: Airborne to Ground-Based Lidar Systems and Comparisons with Chilled-Mirror Hygrometer Radiosondes, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 24, 3–21,, 2007. 
Bhawar, R., Di Girolamo, P., Summa, D., Flamant, C., Althausen, D., Behrendt, A., Kiemle, C., Bosser, P., Cacciani, M., Champollion, C., Di Iorio, T., Engelmann, R., Herold, C., Müller, D., Pal, S., Wirth, M., and Wulfmeyer, V.: The water vapour intercomparison effort in the framework of the Convective and Orographically- induced Precipitation Study: airborne-to-ground-based and airborne-to-airborne lidar systems, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 137, 325–348,, 2011. 
Bielli, S., Grzeschik, M., Richard, E., Flamant, C., Champollion, C., Kiemle, C., Dorninger, M., and Brousseau, P.: Assimilation of water-vapour airborne lidar observations: impact study on the COPS precipitation forecasts, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 138, 1652–1667,, 2012. 
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Chazette, P., Marnas, F., and Totems, J.: The mobile Water vapor Aerosol Raman LIdar and its implication in the framework of the HyMeX and ChArMEx programs: application to a dust transport process, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 1629–1647,, 2014. 
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
We developed an automated compact mobile Raman lidar (MRL) system for measuring the vertical distribution of the water vapor mixing ratio in the lower troposphere, which has an affordable cost and is easy to operate. The MRL was installed in a small trailer for easy deployment and can start measurement in a few hours, and it is capable of unattended operation for several months. We describe the MRL system and present validation results obtained by comparing with the other humidity sensors.
We developed an automated compact mobile Raman lidar (MRL) system for measuring the vertical...