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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 583-597, 2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
21 Mar 2011
Maritime aerosol network as a component of AERONET – first results and comparison with global aerosol models and satellite retrievals
A. Smirnov1,2, B. N. Holben2, D. M. Giles1,2, I. Slutsker1,2, N. T. O'Neill3, T. F. Eck4,2, A. Macke5, P. Croot6, Y. Courcoux7, S. M. Sakerin8, T. J. Smyth9, T. Zielinski10, G. Zibordi11, J. I. Goes12, M. J. Harvey13, P. K. Quinn14, N. B. Nelson15, V. F. Radionov16, C. M. Duarte17, R. Losno18, J. Sciare19, K. J. Voss20, S. Kinne21, N. R. Nalli22, E. Joseph23, K. Krishna Moorthy24, D. S. Covert25, S. K. Gulev26, G. Milinevsky27, P. Larouche28, S. Belanger29, E. Horne30, M. Chin31, L. A. Remer32, R. A. Kahn32, J. S. Reid33, M. Schulz19, C. L. Heald34, J. Zhang35, K. Lapina34, R. G. Kleidman32,36, J. Griesfeller19, B. J. Gaitley37, Q. Tan4,31, and T. L. Diehl4,31 1Sigma Space Corporation, Lanham, Maryland, USA
2Biospheric Sciences Branch, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA
3CARTEL, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada
4Goddard Earth Sciences and Technology Center, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
5Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig, Germany
6Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences at the University of Kiel (IFM-GEOMAR), Kiel, Germany
7L'Observatoire de Physique de l'Atmosphère de la Réunion (OPAR), Université de la Réunion, Saint Denis de la Réunion, France
8Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, Tomsk, Russia
9Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, UK
10Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sopot, Poland
11Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Ispra, Italy
12Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, West Boothbay Harbor, Maine, USA
13National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, New Zealand
14NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, Washington, USA
15Institute for Computational Earth System Science, University of California, Santa Barbara, California, USA
16Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, Saint Petersburg, Russia
17IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB), Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados, Esporles (Mallorca), Spain
18Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques, Université de Paris 7 et Université de Paris 12, Creteil, France
19Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
20Physics Department, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida, USA
21Institute for Meteorology, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
22NOAA/NESDIS Center for Satellite Applications and Research (STAR), Camp Springs, Maryland, USA
23Department of Physics and Astronomy, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA
24Space Physics Laboratory, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum, India
25Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
26P. P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
27Space Physics Laboratory, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
28Institut Maurice-Lamontagne, Mont-Joli, Québec, Canada
29Département de biologie, chimie et géographie, Université du Québec à Rimouski, Rimouski, Québec, Canada
30Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Bedford, Nova Scotia, Canada
31Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Branch, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA
32Climate and Radiation Branch, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA
33Marine Meteorology Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Monterey, California, USA
34Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA
35University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, North Dakota, USA
36Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Lanham, Maryland, USA
37Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA
Abstract. The Maritime Aerosol Network (MAN) has been collecting data over the oceans since November 2006. Over 80 cruises were completed through early 2010 with deployments continuing. Measurement areas included various parts of the Atlantic Ocean, the Northern and Southern Pacific Ocean, the South Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, the Arctic Ocean and inland seas. MAN deploys Microtops hand-held sunphotometers and utilizes a calibration procedure and data processing traceable to AERONET. Data collection included areas that previously had no aerosol optical depth (AOD) coverage at all, particularly vast areas of the Southern Ocean. The MAN data archive provides a valuable resource for aerosol studies in maritime environments. In the current paper we present results of AOD measurements over the oceans, and make a comparison with satellite AOD retrievals and model simulations.

Citation: Smirnov, A., Holben, B. N., Giles, D. M., Slutsker, I., O'Neill, N. T., Eck, T. F., Macke, A., Croot, P., Courcoux, Y., Sakerin, S. M., Smyth, T. J., Zielinski, T., Zibordi, G., Goes, J. I., Harvey, M. J., Quinn, P. K., Nelson, N. B., Radionov, V. F., Duarte, C. M., Losno, R., Sciare, J., Voss, K. J., Kinne, S., Nalli, N. R., Joseph, E., Krishna Moorthy, K., Covert, D. S., Gulev, S. K., Milinevsky, G., Larouche, P., Belanger, S., Horne, E., Chin, M., Remer, L. A., Kahn, R. A., Reid, J. S., Schulz, M., Heald, C. L., Zhang, J., Lapina, K., Kleidman, R. G., Griesfeller, J., Gaitley, B. J., Tan, Q., and Diehl, T. L.: Maritime aerosol network as a component of AERONET – first results and comparison with global aerosol models and satellite retrievals, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 583-597,, 2011.
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