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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 7, issue 12
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 4491–4505, 2014
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-7-4491-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 4491–4505, 2014
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-7-4491-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 18 Dec 2014

Research article | 18 Dec 2014

Middle-atmospheric zonal and meridional wind profiles from polar, tropical and midlatitudes with the ground-based microwave Doppler wind radiometer WIRA

R. Rüfenacht et al.

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Angot, G., Keckhut, P., Hauchecorne, A., and Claud, C.: Contribution of stratospheric warmings to temperature trends in the middle atmosphere from the lidar series obtained at Haute-Provence Observatory (44 degrees N), J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 117, D21102, https://doi.org/10.1029/2012JD017631, 2012.
Baldwin, M. and Dunkerton, T.: Stratospheric harbingers of anomalous weather regimes, Science, 294, 581–584, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1063315, 2001.
Baron, P., Murtagh, D. P., Urban, J., Sagawa, H., Ochiai, S., Kasai, Y., Kikuchi, K., Khosrawi, F., Körnich, H., Mizobuchi, S., Sagi, K., and Yasui, M.: Observation of horizontal winds in the middle-atmosphere between 30° S and 55° N during the northern winter 2009–2010, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 6049–6064, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-6049-2013, 2013.
Baumgarten, G.: Doppler Rayleigh/Mie/Raman lidar for wind and temperature measurements in the middle atmosphere up to 80 km, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 1509–1518, https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-3-1509-2010, 2010.
Buehler, S. A., Eriksson, P., Kuhn, T., von Engeln, A., and Verdes, C.: ARTS, the atmospheric radiative transfer simulator, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Ra., 91, 65–93, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.05.051, 2005.
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Only very few techniques for wind measurements in the upper stratosphere and lower mesosphere exist. Moreover, none of these instruments is running on a continuous basis. This paper describes the development of ground-based microwave Doppler radiometry. Time series of daily wind profile measurements from four different locations at polar, mid- and tropical latitudes are presented. The agreement with ECMWF model data is good in the stratosphere, but discrepancies were found in the mesosphere.
Only very few techniques for wind measurements in the upper stratosphere and lower mesosphere...
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