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Atmospheric Measurement Techniques An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 9, issue 8
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 3467–3475, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-9-3467-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 3467–3475, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-9-3467-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 01 Aug 2016

Research article | 01 Aug 2016

The Moon as a photometric calibration standard for microwave sensors

Martin Burgdorf et al.
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Cited articles  
Alberti, G., Memoli, A., Pica, G., Santovito, M. R., Buralli, B., Varchetta, S., d'Addio, S., and Kangas, V.: TWO Microwave Imaging radiometers for MetOp Second Generation, Proc. of the 2012 CNIT Tyrrhenian Workshop, 12–14 September 2012.
Atkinson, N. C.: Calibration, Monitoring and Validation of AMSU-B, Adv. Space Res., 28, 117–126, 2001.
Charlton, J. E. and Jarrett, M. L.: Antenna Pattern Measurements on AMSU-B, P. Soc. Photo-Opt. Ins., 1935, 199–208, 1993.
Charlton, J. E., Jarrett, M. L., and Tatnall, A. R. L.: Assessment of calibration errors on AMSU-B, P. Soc. Photo-Opt. Ins., 1935, 160–168, 1993.
Coates, R. J.: Lunar Brightness Variations with Phase at 4.3-MM Wave Length, Astrophys. J, 133, 723–725, 1961.
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Short summary
The upper-tropospheric humidity is an essential climate variable, which can be measured with microwave sounders in polar orbits. A stable photometric calibration of these instruments is indispensable for detecting long-term trends. We demonstrate that this can be achieved by using the Moon in a fixed phase as a flux standard for dedicated pitch maneuver observations. This method is particularly suited for future sensors with small beamwidths.
The upper-tropospheric humidity is an essential climate variable, which can be measured with...
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