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Volume 9, issue 12
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 5853–5867, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-9-5853-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 5853–5867, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-9-5853-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 08 Dec 2016

Research article | 08 Dec 2016

A strategy for the measurement of CO2 distribution in the stratosphere

Massimo Carlotti et al.
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Bianchini, G., Cortesi, U., Palchetti, L., and Pascale, E.: SAFIRE-A (spectroscopy of the atmosphere by far-infrared emission-airborne): optimized instrument configuration and new assessment of improved performance, Appl. Optics, 43, 2962–2977, https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.43.002962, 2004.
Boesch, H., Baker, D., Connor, B., Crisp, D., and Miller, C.: Global characterization of CO2 column retrievals from shortwave-infrared satellite observations of the orbiting carbon observatory-2 mission, Remote Sens., 3, 270–304, https://doi.org/10.3390/rs3020270, 2011.
Buchwitz, M., de Beek, R., Noël, S., Burrows, J. P., Bovensmann, H., Bremer, H., Bergamaschi, P., Körner, S., and Heimann, M.: Carbon monoxide, methane and carbon dioxide columns retrieved from SCIAMACHY by WFM-DOAS: year 2003 initial data set, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 3313–3329, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-5-3313-2005, 2005.
Carli, B. and Carlotti, M.: Far-Infrared and Microwave Spectroscopy of the Earth's Atmosphere, in: Spectroscopy of the Earth's Atmosphere and Interstellar Medium, edited by: Rao, K. N. and Weber, A., Academic Press, Boston, USA, 1–95, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-580645-9.50005-8, 1992.
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We introduce a strategy for the measurement of CO2 in the stratosphere. We use an orbiting limb sounder to measure both the thermal infrared (TIR) and far-infrared (FIR) atmospheric emissions. The rotational transitions of O2 in the FIR are exploited to derive the temperature and pressure fields that are needed to retrieve the CO2 from its spectrum in the TIR. The proposed experiment can determine two-dimensional distributions of the CO2 with precision of 1 ppm at altitudes between 10 and 50 km.
We introduce a strategy for the measurement of CO2 in the stratosphere. We use an orbiting limb...
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